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Holger Raschke: Jugoslawien in der Kurve. Repräsentationen des sozialistischen Jugoslawiens als politischer Bestandteil der Fußballfankultur im (post-) jugoslawischen Raum

Holger Raschke
Jugoslawien in der Kurve. Repräsentationen des sozialistischen Jugoslawiens als politischer Bestandteil der Fußballfankultur im (post-) jugoslawischen Raum
(als pdf-Datei herunterladen)

Zitation
Raschke, Holger (2015): Jugoslawien in der Kurve. Repräsentationen des sozialistischen Jugoslawiens als politischer Bestandteil der Fußballfankultur im (post-) jugoslawischen Raum. In: Südosteuropäische Hefte 4 (1), S. 66–86.

Abstract
The article explores certain characteristics of the Yugoslav fan culture by facing major aspects of the politicization of supporter groups, which took place during the 1980s. It starts with a brief description of the development of Yugoslav football and fan cultures with the focus on political and sociohistorical interferences. Using interviews with supporters from this period as well as interviews with experts and other sources, the article describes the youth-cultural manifestations of the fan culture and the active role of the Yugoslav Ultras in the period of homogenization and nationalization of the society – so far the common stereotypes about football fans in Yugoslavia. But there were also supporter groups, defending the idea of a multi-ethnical Yugoslavia until the very end, since a collapse would mean the end of their multi-ethnical group structures. As it is often the case, a generalization about supporters, nationalism and the collapse of Yugoslavia is not appropriate.

Persistent Identifier (PID): http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-430266

Marko Zajc: Slovenian Intellectuals and Yugoslavism in the 1980s. Propositions, Theses, Questions

Marko Zajc
Slovenian Intellectuals and Yugoslavism in the 1980s. Propositions, Theses, Questions
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Zitation
Zajc, Marko (2015): Slovenian Intellectuals and Yugoslavism in the 1980s. Propositions, Theses, Questions. In: Südosteuropäische Hefte 4 (1), S. 46–65.

Abstract
The predominant “story” about the Slovenian nationalism before the collapse of the SFRY is simple: The Slovenian nationalism (negative perception) or “the Slovenian spring” (positive perception) “appeared” in the 1980s, it identified itself as “anti-Yugoslavism” and reached the climax in 1991 with the Slovenian independence. Yet, historical sources – both archival and publicist – expose different story: the relation between Slovenian nationalism and Yugoslavism is much more ambiguous and complicated. Why is the Slovenian Yugoslavism of the 1980s a relevant topic for international com-parative historiography of the second Yugoslavia and its successor states? I would point out two reasons. First, I claim that Yugoslavism of any kind could not exist without Slovenianism, especially since the creation of the first Yugoslavia in 1918. The history of Slovenian Yugoslavism (or Slovenian nationalism in general) is not just relevant for “the Slovenian national historiography”, without “the Slovenian component” we cannot understand Yugoslavia or Yugoslavism in general, which could be understood only in historical context. Although almost all authors recognize the significance of the Slovenian-Serbian conflict for the Yugoslav collapse: they assign surprisingly little attention to Slovenian intellectual circles. They are almost always mentioned, but rarely properly analyzed. Secondly, most of historical analysis is preoccupied with the reasons for the collapse of the Yugoslavia. As H. Grandits and H. Sundhaussen have pointed out, if we research the history of a state that does not exist anymore, we unintentionally “search for” elements of the past, which explain why the state had failed. This is also the reason why Slovenian historians – those who consider the methodology of the academic historiography – are mainly focused on the “processes of independence” or the “processes of democratization”. Slovenian Yugoslavism is not in the spotlight of attention, furthermore, it is mostly seen as an insignificant side-effect of the official Yugoslav ideology of “brotherhood and unity”, not as something genuinely Slovenian.

Persistent Identifier (PID): http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-428352