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Klaus Buchenau: Der dritte Weg ins Zwielicht? Korruption in Tito-Jugoslawien

Klaus Buchenau
Der dritte Weg ins Zwielicht? Korruption in Tito-Jugoslawien
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Zitation
Buchenau, Klaus (2015): Der dritte Weg ins Zwielicht? Korruption in Tito-Jugoslawien. In: Südosteuropäische Hefte 4 (1), S. 23–45.

Abstract
This article shows that corruption in socialist Yugoslavia was a specific phenomenon when compared to the inter-war period or to post-socialism. In contrast to liberalism, communist ideology did not support an understanding of corruption as a problem of its own but tended to see political and material “deviations” as originating from the same root – i.e. from a lack of political morale. The League of Communists failed to live up to its role as an educator of society, since it was trapped between declarative moral rigorism and the fact that material need and greed could be satisfied best by becoming a party member. Corruption practices often did not involve bribes but still fit into Transparency International’s broad definition of corruption as the “the abuse of entrusted power for private gain”, in particular for obtaining rare goods such as apartments, jobs or raw materials. While the anticorruption discourse in socialist Yugoslavia was often linked to anti-bureaucratic, anti-elitist and sometimes to dogmatic communist stances, liberal remedies such as transparent and regular procedures were also discussed and applied, though less frequently. The article is based on archival sources from the League of Communists and other Yugoslav institutions. Since the research was centered on Serbia, the majority of concrete examples come from this republic.

Persistent Identifier (PID): http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-430279

Matthias Thaden: Berichte von der „bauštela duha“. Die kroatische katholische Mission in Berlin zwischen Seelsorge und Identitätsstiftung

Matthias Thaden
Berichte von der „bauštela duha“. Die kroatische katholische Mission in Berlin zwischen Seelsorge und Identitätsstiftung
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Abstract
This paper aims to contribute to ongoing endeavors to investigate organisations by and for working migrants in Germany. It particularly focuses on the Croatian Catholic Mission in West Berlin (HKMB), intending to help further illuminating its work as well as its goals from the late 1960s until the early 1980s. Departing from the assumption that all forms of group belonging are necessarily situational and contextual, identity politics as pursued by the mission shall be scrutinized. Furthermore, the paper investigates fractions and continuities regarding their representation paying close attention to temporal and spatial aspects. The author argues that from the late 1970s onwards the HKMB increasingly sought to articulate something that will be referred to as “Croatian identity in Berlin”. This development has to be understood against the background of both the demographic situation in Berlin as well as of concurrent efforts of the Yugoslav state to address “its” citizens abroad.

Zitation
Thaden, Matthias (2014): Berichte von der „bauštela duha“. Die kroatische katholische Mission in Berlin zwischen Seelsorge und Identitätsstiftung. In: Südosteuropäische Hefte 3 (1), S. 44–66.

Persistent Identifier (PID): http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-398096