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Đorđe Tomić & Stefan Pavleski: Das werktätige Volk ohne Arbeit

Đorđe Tomić & Stefan Pavleski
Das werktätige Volk ohne Arbeit. Arbeitslosigkeit und Selbstverwaltung im sozialistischen Jugoslawien als Forschungsgegenstand: Eine kritische Bestandsaufnahme
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Abstract
The article focuses on the question of a possible linkage between unemployment and self-management in socialist Yugoslavia. Departing from secondary sources and offering a critical literature review, the article sketches the development of unemployment in Yugoslavia from the 1950s to the beginning of the 1980s, outlines different points of discussion and explores concrete gaps in the existing interpretations. By proposing a differentiated view of self-management, the authors conclude that from an economic perspective the relationship between self-management and unemployment was at best an indirect one. The broader system of self-management can hardly be interpreted as an obstacle to political participation or social integration of unemployed persons. In contrast to previous interpretations of Yugoslavia’s unemployment which regard it as a paradox, the authors suggest that the paradox was not the existence of unemployment in a socialist state, but the way in which the society – especially when organized on the basis of socialist self-management – reacted to it. In fact, the Yugoslav response to the problem of unemployment proved to be not really different from the way this was handled by other (capitalist) states in this period.

Zitation
Tomić, Đorđe; Pavleski, Stefan (2015): Das werktätige Volk ohne Arbeit. Arbeitslosigkeit und Selbstverwaltung im sozialistischen Jugoslawien als Forschungsgegenstand: Eine kritische Bestandsaufnahme. In: Südosteuropäische Hefte 4 (2), S. 73–90.

Persistent Identifier (PID): http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-454523

Ana Rajković: Opposing the Policy of the Twenty-First Century Socialism in Bolivia

Ana Rajković
Opposing the Policy of the Twenty-First Century Socialism in Bolivia. The Political Activities of Branko Marinković
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Abstract
The Marinković family, which originated from the island of Brač, immigrated to the eastern Bolivian province of Santa Cruz in the mid-1950s. Thanks to a successful agricultural business, among other things, the family has become one of the richest and most influential families in Bolivia. Some analysts link Branko Marinković’s origins with his oppositional activities in Bolivia. This is due to the fact that Marinković compares the contemporary “Twenty-first century socialism” policies of Bolivian president Evo Morales with the communist policies of Tito in Yugoslavia. With that in mind, the aim of this paper is to analyze to what extent the immigrant origin of Marinković’s family has influenced his political activities. This analysis can be carried out by relating his political activities to the Ustaša immigrants who came to Latin America after the Second World War and also within the context of the narrative of Bolivian authorities who believed Marinković was trying to Balkanize Bolivia.

Zitation
Rajković, Ana (2015): Opposing the Policy of the Twenty-First Century Socialism in Bolivia. The Political Activities of Branko Marinković. In: Südosteuropäische Hefte 4 (2), S. 37–47.

Persistent Identifier (PID): http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-454920