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Klaus Buchenau: Südosteuropa und Lateinamerika – fern und nah

Klaus Buchenau
Südosteuropa und Lateinamerika – fern und nah. Unterschiedliche Wege zur Staatsbildung und ihre Folgen
(als pdf-Datei herunterladen)

Abstract
This article explores different patterns of interpreting reality in Southeastern Europe and Latin America. It claims that in Latin America, a principal mode of viewing society, politics and international relations is the social paradigm – i.e. a cognitive stress on the contrast between the rich and the poor, the empowered and the powerless. Southeastern Europe, in opposition to that, has developed a dominant national paradigm, which tends to underline national differences rather than social ones. This contrast is rooted in different imperial legacies – while the Spanish colonial empire left behind societies with vast social cleavages, the Ottoman Empire produced a certain degree of social equality among its Christian citizens. Other factors are historical memory and geography – national liberation in Southeastern Europe proceeded from competing historical projects rooted in the middle ages, which often pretended to the same lands on a rather small peninsula. The resulting wars deepened national identities and produced societies used to interpreting danger in terms of national foes. In Latin America, the national states developed out of the colonial provinces, so that border disputes as well as wars between neighboring states were rare. Here, economic exploitation and domination – both within society but also on the international level – advanced as main themes of discourse, a fact that rather helped to develop a common Latin American identity than national identities. Both paths have deep consequences for contemporary integration projects, since Latin American states (or civil societies) tend to form coalitions vis-à-vis neoliberal US policies. Meanwhile, Southeast European States rarely articulate common interests but go their way to Europe in a rather isolated manner, displaying distrust rather of ethnic others than of the European Union.

Zitation
Buchenau, Klaus (2015): Südosteuropa und Lateinamerika – fern und nah. Unterschiedliche Wege zur Staatsbildung und ihre Folgen. In: Südosteuropäische Hefte 4 (2), S. 49–61.

Persistent Identifier (PID): http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-454931

Ana Rajković: Opposing the Policy of the Twenty-First Century Socialism in Bolivia

Ana Rajković
Opposing the Policy of the Twenty-First Century Socialism in Bolivia. The Political Activities of Branko Marinković
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Abstract
The Marinković family, which originated from the island of Brač, immigrated to the eastern Bolivian province of Santa Cruz in the mid-1950s. Thanks to a successful agricultural business, among other things, the family has become one of the richest and most influential families in Bolivia. Some analysts link Branko Marinković’s origins with his oppositional activities in Bolivia. This is due to the fact that Marinković compares the contemporary “Twenty-first century socialism” policies of Bolivian president Evo Morales with the communist policies of Tito in Yugoslavia. With that in mind, the aim of this paper is to analyze to what extent the immigrant origin of Marinković’s family has influenced his political activities. This analysis can be carried out by relating his political activities to the Ustaša immigrants who came to Latin America after the Second World War and also within the context of the narrative of Bolivian authorities who believed Marinković was trying to Balkanize Bolivia.

Zitation
Rajković, Ana (2015): Opposing the Policy of the Twenty-First Century Socialism in Bolivia. The Political Activities of Branko Marinković. In: Südosteuropäische Hefte 4 (2), S. 37–47.

Persistent Identifier (PID): http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-454920