Archiv

Holger Raschke: Jugoslawien in der Kurve. Repräsentationen des sozialistischen Jugoslawiens als politischer Bestandteil der Fußballfankultur im (post-) jugoslawischen Raum

Holger Raschke
Jugoslawien in der Kurve. Repräsentationen des sozialistischen Jugoslawiens als politischer Bestandteil der Fußballfankultur im (post-) jugoslawischen Raum
(als pdf-Datei herunterladen)

Zitation
Raschke, Holger (2015): Jugoslawien in der Kurve. Repräsentationen des sozialistischen Jugoslawiens als politischer Bestandteil der Fußballfankultur im (post-) jugoslawischen Raum. In: Südosteuropäische Hefte 4 (1), S. 66–86.

Abstract
The article explores certain characteristics of the Yugoslav fan culture by facing major aspects of the politicization of supporter groups, which took place during the 1980s. It starts with a brief description of the development of Yugoslav football and fan cultures with the focus on political and sociohistorical interferences. Using interviews with supporters from this period as well as interviews with experts and other sources, the article describes the youth-cultural manifestations of the fan culture and the active role of the Yugoslav Ultras in the period of homogenization and nationalization of the society – so far the common stereotypes about football fans in Yugoslavia. But there were also supporter groups, defending the idea of a multi-ethnical Yugoslavia until the very end, since a collapse would mean the end of their multi-ethnical group structures. As it is often the case, a generalization about supporters, nationalism and the collapse of Yugoslavia is not appropriate.

Persistent Identifier (PID): http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-430266

Eckehard Pistrick: Spatial detachment – emotional detachment. Delocalizing and instrumentalizing local musical practice in the communist regimes of Southeastern Europe

Eckehard Pistrick
Spatial detachment – emotional detachment. Delocalizing and instrumentalizing local musical practice in the communist regimes of Southeastern Europe
(als pdf-Datei herunterladen)

Abstract
Cultural traditions in their local understanding are bound to particular places and to a particular social setting, possessing generally a high degree of interaction. The exercise of political power and the commercialization of traditional music have fundamentally shaken this interactive relation between sound, space and social action. Local identities and histories became confronted with constructed national identities and a homogenized national history. Musical practice witnessed a process of uprooting, the division of performers from their audience related to an emotional reconfiguration. The emotionally and spatially-bound cultural practice became redefined in terms of a static “cultural object” whose aesthetic properties were highlighted over its dynamic functional and interactional character. This progression from local tradition towards national folklore had many implications and was often accompanied or accelerated by state-directed audiovisual media. The symbolic distancing of musical practice from its origin had undeniable socio-political implications. Especially in the communist regimes of Southeastern Europe this act was interpreted as a logical parallel movement to the break with the ill-famed past in other spheres of the society. After the fall of the communist regimes cultural practice was re-appropriated and re-contextualized on an impressive scale by local actors. The return of the Local was guided by wider (cultural) politics of regionalization and re-traditionalization and the needs of a world-wide music market with a growing interest in what was called “authentic” and “rooted” musical practice. At the same time the brand “Balkan music” emerged, depicting an apolitical “emotional territory” which stood in sharp contrast to the image of the Balkans in the Western mediascape.

Zitation
Pistrick, Eckehard (2012): Spatial detachment – emotional detachment. Delocalizing and instrumentalizing local musical practice in the communist regimes of Southeastern Europe. In: Südosteuropäische Hefte 1 (2), S. 77–87.

Persistent Identifier (PID): http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-324616