Archiv

Martin Blasius: Fußball, nationale Repräsentationen und Gesellschaft. Die Fußballnationalmannschaft im Jugoslawien der 1980er Jahre

Martin Blasius
Fußball, nationale Repräsentationen und Gesellschaft. Die Fußballnationalmann-schaft im Jugoslawien der 1980er Jahre
(als pdf-Datei herunterladen)

Zitation
Blasius, Martin (2015): Fußball, nationale Repräsentationen und Gesellschaft. Die Fußball-nationalmannschaft im Jugoslawien der 1980er Jahre. In: Südosteuropäische Hefte 4 (1), S. 87–126.

Abstract
Since its introduction to the Yugoslav space, football has always been connected to the main political conflicts. After 1945, the Yugoslav Communists rebuilt sport in their sense, and football as the most important sport was consequently put into service for their state- and nation-building policy. The central symbol was the national team, whose successes represented those of the Yugoslav socialist model. Nevertheless, in contrast to football’s role during the breakup of Yugoslavia, the socialist period itself has been rarely analyzed. Furthermore, football is often used as a tool for analyzing other social phe-nomena (mostly nationalism) and not treated as a socially embedded, but autonomous cultural element with specific internal logics. This article explicitly aims to show the worth of Yugoslav football history as part of a cultural history of sport. Using the examples of the scandal surrounding „the hymn of Luxembourg“ 1983, the legendary victory over Bulgaria in December 1983 and the impressive Yugoslav victory at the U20 World Cup in Chile 1987, the article examines how representations of the national team developed when Yugoslavia more and more slipped into a multiple political, economic, social and „identitarian“ crisis after Tito’s death 1980 and „national“ tensions started to grow within the country. On the one hand, the article deals with the representations that the communists and other actors (mainly the new, “nationalist” generation of fans) produced in the 1980s. On the other hand, it takes a look at the success and failure of such representations in Yugoslav society. It is shown that the national team was an attractive symbol that especially in deep crisis could awake and confirm feelings of identification with socialist Yugoslavia. However, it also becomes clear that the potential of football for political representation is always determined by the historical situation and fundamentally limited by its character as a sport with its own logics.

Persistent Identifier (PID): http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-430133

Đorđe Tomić: All that Folk. Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen und Repräsentationen der Folk-Musik im (post-) jugoslawischen Raum

Đorđe Tomić
All that Folk. Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen und Repräsentationen der Folk-Musik im (post-) jugoslawischen Raum
(als pdf-Datei herunterladen)

Abstract
By analyzing the broad research of different types of ‘folk’ music in former Yugoslavia, the paper explores the different forms of interpretation and representations created by scholars in social science and humanities. Tracing back their critique of this music into the socialist period, the analysis offers new insights into the motives and ways of producing meaning by one part of the intellectual elite – for Serbia framed as the ‘second/ other Serbia’ – in the context of political transformation at the end of the 20th century in this region. While hardly any of the analyzed scholarly works on (‘folk’) music was really about music, being instead quite often mainly concerned with its alleged symbolical meaning, most of them used ‘folk’ as a catchy ‘label’ that introduced further analysis of society and/or politics in former Yugoslavia during the 1990s. By criticizing the ‘kitsch’ of ‘folk’ and, at the same time, presenting more or less sophisticated scientific findings on correlations between ‘folk’ and politics, the authors of the works analyzed in this paper mostly underlined their distance to this ‘genre’, thus pointing out their (oppositional) political standpoint, and, especially, by delegitimizing the ‘folk culture’ on the one hand and the new nationalist political setting on the other, they aimed to compensate the loss of cultural capital they used to or – from their perspective – ought to have as representatives of some kind of intellectual vanguard.

Zitation
Tomić, Đorđe (2014): All that Folk. Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen und Repräsentationen der Folk-Musik im (post-) jugoslawischen Raum. In: Südosteuropäische Hefte 3 (1), S. 131–162.

Persistent Identifier (PID): http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-398529