Archiv

Klaus Buchenau: Der dritte Weg ins Zwielicht? Korruption in Tito-Jugoslawien

Klaus Buchenau
Der dritte Weg ins Zwielicht? Korruption in Tito-Jugoslawien
(als pdf-Datei herunterladen)

Zitation
Buchenau, Klaus (2015): Der dritte Weg ins Zwielicht? Korruption in Tito-Jugoslawien. In: Südosteuropäische Hefte 4 (1), S. 23–45.

Abstract
This article shows that corruption in socialist Yugoslavia was a specific phenomenon when compared to the inter-war period or to post-socialism. In contrast to liberalism, communist ideology did not support an understanding of corruption as a problem of its own but tended to see political and material “deviations” as originating from the same root – i.e. from a lack of political morale. The League of Communists failed to live up to its role as an educator of society, since it was trapped between declarative moral rigorism and the fact that material need and greed could be satisfied best by becoming a party member. Corruption practices often did not involve bribes but still fit into Transparency International’s broad definition of corruption as the “the abuse of entrusted power for private gain”, in particular for obtaining rare goods such as apartments, jobs or raw materials. While the anticorruption discourse in socialist Yugoslavia was often linked to anti-bureaucratic, anti-elitist and sometimes to dogmatic communist stances, liberal remedies such as transparent and regular procedures were also discussed and applied, though less frequently. The article is based on archival sources from the League of Communists and other Yugoslav institutions. Since the research was centered on Serbia, the majority of concrete examples come from this republic.

Persistent Identifier (PID): http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-430279

Đorđe Tomić: All that Folk. Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen und Repräsentationen der Folk-Musik im (post-) jugoslawischen Raum

Đorđe Tomić
All that Folk. Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen und Repräsentationen der Folk-Musik im (post-) jugoslawischen Raum
(als pdf-Datei herunterladen)

Abstract
By analyzing the broad research of different types of ‘folk’ music in former Yugoslavia, the paper explores the different forms of interpretation and representations created by scholars in social science and humanities. Tracing back their critique of this music into the socialist period, the analysis offers new insights into the motives and ways of producing meaning by one part of the intellectual elite – for Serbia framed as the ‘second/ other Serbia’ – in the context of political transformation at the end of the 20th century in this region. While hardly any of the analyzed scholarly works on (‘folk’) music was really about music, being instead quite often mainly concerned with its alleged symbolical meaning, most of them used ‘folk’ as a catchy ‘label’ that introduced further analysis of society and/or politics in former Yugoslavia during the 1990s. By criticizing the ‘kitsch’ of ‘folk’ and, at the same time, presenting more or less sophisticated scientific findings on correlations between ‘folk’ and politics, the authors of the works analyzed in this paper mostly underlined their distance to this ‘genre’, thus pointing out their (oppositional) political standpoint, and, especially, by delegitimizing the ‘folk culture’ on the one hand and the new nationalist political setting on the other, they aimed to compensate the loss of cultural capital they used to or – from their perspective – ought to have as representatives of some kind of intellectual vanguard.

Zitation
Tomić, Đorđe (2014): All that Folk. Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen und Repräsentationen der Folk-Musik im (post-) jugoslawischen Raum. In: Südosteuropäische Hefte 3 (1), S. 131–162.

Persistent Identifier (PID): http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-398529