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Đorđe Tomić & Stefan Pavleski: Das werktätige Volk ohne Arbeit

Đorđe Tomić & Stefan Pavleski
Das werktätige Volk ohne Arbeit. Arbeitslosigkeit und Selbstverwaltung im sozialistischen Jugoslawien als Forschungsgegenstand: Eine kritische Bestandsaufnahme
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Abstract
The article focuses on the question of a possible linkage between unemployment and self-management in socialist Yugoslavia. Departing from secondary sources and offering a critical literature review, the article sketches the development of unemployment in Yugoslavia from the 1950s to the beginning of the 1980s, outlines different points of discussion and explores concrete gaps in the existing interpretations. By proposing a differentiated view of self-management, the authors conclude that from an economic perspective the relationship between self-management and unemployment was at best an indirect one. The broader system of self-management can hardly be interpreted as an obstacle to political participation or social integration of unemployed persons. In contrast to previous interpretations of Yugoslavia’s unemployment which regard it as a paradox, the authors suggest that the paradox was not the existence of unemployment in a socialist state, but the way in which the society – especially when organized on the basis of socialist self-management – reacted to it. In fact, the Yugoslav response to the problem of unemployment proved to be not really different from the way this was handled by other (capitalist) states in this period.

Zitation
Tomić, Đorđe; Pavleski, Stefan (2015): Das werktätige Volk ohne Arbeit. Arbeitslosigkeit und Selbstverwaltung im sozialistischen Jugoslawien als Forschungsgegenstand: Eine kritische Bestandsaufnahme. In: Südosteuropäische Hefte 4 (2), S. 73–90.

Persistent Identifier (PID): http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-454523

Holger Raschke: Jugoslawien in der Kurve. Repräsentationen des sozialistischen Jugoslawiens als politischer Bestandteil der Fußballfankultur im (post-) jugoslawischen Raum

Holger Raschke
Jugoslawien in der Kurve. Repräsentationen des sozialistischen Jugoslawiens als politischer Bestandteil der Fußballfankultur im (post-) jugoslawischen Raum
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Zitation
Raschke, Holger (2015): Jugoslawien in der Kurve. Repräsentationen des sozialistischen Jugoslawiens als politischer Bestandteil der Fußballfankultur im (post-) jugoslawischen Raum. In: Südosteuropäische Hefte 4 (1), S. 66–86.

Abstract
The article explores certain characteristics of the Yugoslav fan culture by facing major aspects of the politicization of supporter groups, which took place during the 1980s. It starts with a brief description of the development of Yugoslav football and fan cultures with the focus on political and sociohistorical interferences. Using interviews with supporters from this period as well as interviews with experts and other sources, the article describes the youth-cultural manifestations of the fan culture and the active role of the Yugoslav Ultras in the period of homogenization and nationalization of the society – so far the common stereotypes about football fans in Yugoslavia. But there were also supporter groups, defending the idea of a multi-ethnical Yugoslavia until the very end, since a collapse would mean the end of their multi-ethnical group structures. As it is often the case, a generalization about supporters, nationalism and the collapse of Yugoslavia is not appropriate.

Persistent Identifier (PID): http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-430266