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Eszter B. Gantner: “He is ugly and a Jew!“: the Hungarian socialist workers’ party and the Hungarian Jewish community in the 1960s and 1970s

Eszter B. Gantner
“He is ugly and a Jew!“. The Hungarian socialist workers’ party and the Hungarian Jewish community in the 1960s and 1970s
(als pdf-Datei herunterladen)

Abstract
The years 1967 and 1974 seemed especially significant as the anti-Zionistic rage caused by the Israeli-Arab wars stirred up Hungary‘s internal affairs. The anti-Zionist policy adopted by the Kádár regime after 1956 meant more than ’simple‘ anti-Israel attitude in Hungary. The article provides some answers on the following questions: What characterized the policy of the Hungarian Socialist Workers‘ Party toward the Hungarian Jewish community? Which strategy did the Jewish Community develop in order to survive as a minority in a closed social and political system? How much was the Community able to represent special Jewish interests in the era of consolidation after 1956? Furthermore the article enrichs the picture on the topic with new documents and features with regard to the relationship of the ruling party to a minority.

Zitation
Gantner, Eszter B. (2013): “He is ugly and a Jew!“. The Hungarian socialist workers’ party and the Hungarian Jewish community in the 1960s and 1970s. In: Südosteuropäische Hefte 2 (1), S. 36–48.

Persistent Identifier (PID): http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-360892

Ferenc Laczó: Antisemitism contested. The emergence, meanings and uses of a Hungarian key concept

Ferenc Laczó
Antisemitism contested. The emergence, meanings and uses of a Hungarian key concept
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Abstract
Antisemitism has emerged as a key concept of the Hungarian sociopolitical vocabulary during the last decades when it has been chiefly employed by its critics. The paper lists four main reasons that are in turn historical, transnational, intellectual and political behind the much increased importance of this concept. Through the methods of conceptual history, it subsequently aims to show that the meaning of antisemitism has undergone significant changes since the fall of the communist regime. The three most important semantic shifts identified are its moralization, extension and politicization. While moralization is meant to indicate the complete unacceptability of antisemitism, its extended conception tends to depict it as a most complex and dangerous form of prejudice. Both the moralized and extended conception of antisemitism was also politically employed by Hungarian left liberals to contest the legitimacy of the conservative rightist forces. The latter have in turn aimed to redefine antisemitism as a political as much as a social or cultural issue, thereby contributing to its further politicization. More recent years have also brought about the visible revival of antisemitism – in spite of the concept having been recurrently and critically used in public discussions of recent decades.

Zitation
Laczó, Ferenc (2013): Antisemitism contested. The emergence, meanings and uses of a Hungarian key concept. In: Südosteuropäische Hefte 2 (1), S. 28–35.

Persistent Identifier (PID): http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-360873